It's been a government-authorized part of America's employment practice for over fifty years.
If, as former Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor determined, it would be unnecessary as a matter of law in twenty five ...
... well, you do the math.
So, after 50 years of "affirmative action," most of them involving state-sanctioned/state-mandated racial quotas (don't let them tell you otherwise), where are we on that road to a colorblind society?
If academia is an indicator, "it hasn’t worked that way."
Half a century and counting ...