1.No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, property or of any right granted him by statute, unless matter involved first shall have been adjudicated against him upon trial conducted according to established rules regulating judicial proceedings, and it forbids condemnation without a hearing.
-- Pettit v. Penn., La.App., 180 So.2d 66, 69." Black’s Law Dictionary, 6th Edition, page 500. --
1. The theory or advocacy of federal principles for dividing powers between member units and common institutions. Unlike in a unitary state, sovereignty in federal political orders is non-centralized, often constitutionally, between at least two levels so that units at each level have final authority and can be self governing in some issue area.
-- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy --
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Virginia, HB 1160: Unlawful detention of U.S. citizens; prevents any agency, etc., from assisting in investigation.
Unlawful detention of United States citizens. Prevents any agency, political subdivision, employee, or member of the military of Virginia from assisting an agency of the armed forces of the United States in the conduct of the investigation, prosecution, or detention of a United States citizen in violation of the United States Constitution, Constitution of Virginia, or any Virginia law or regulation.
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From the desk of the new law's chief sponsor, Delegate Bob Marshall:
Marshall Hails Final Passage of his bill against Illegal DetentionThanks, Bob, for denying the United States government the right to employ citizens of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the illegal act of imprisoning or killing United States citizens without due process.
Senate Votes 37-1
Legislator Urges Gov. McDonnell to Sign HB 1160 into Law as Part of the Code of Virginia
Richmond, March 8 – Delegate Bob Marshall today praised the Virginia State Senate for passing his HB 1160 to prevent Virginia’s government agencies and employees from having to take part in illegal and indefinite federal detention of United States citizens.
The action completes the Virginia General Assembly’s consideration of the legislation. Marshall (R., Manassas) urged Gov. Bob McDonnell to sign the bill into law.
“I extend heartfelt thanks to the thousands of concerned citizens who communicated with members of the Senate and the House of Delegates over the last several weeks, urging adoption of this important measure against federal violation of our precious constitutional rights,” Marshall said.
“By overwhelming votes, members of both houses of the Virginia General Assembly now have expressed themselves in their unmistakable understanding of the inviolate protections of our civil rights under the constitutions of the United States and Virginia.
“I urge Gov. McDonnell to acknowledge this outpouring of grass-roots and legislative support of HB 1160, and I urge him to add his signature to this vital protection of our sacred liberties as citizens of Virginia and the nation.”
After days of adverse legislative maneuvering triggered by unspecified reports that McDonnell “had concerns” about HB 1160, the Senate voted 37-1 to accept the bill as it was originally passed by the House on Feb. 4 by a 96-4 vote.
With today’s vote, the Senate turned away from its own version of the legislation, which contained a clarifying amendment accepted by Marshall and adopted Feb. 28 by a 38-1 vote. That amendment, however, marked the beginning of behind-the-scenes manipulation intended to scuttle HB 1160.
“Beyond doubt, the letters, telephone calls and e-mail messages in support of my bill are what carried the day,” Marshall said. “These good folks did not give up in the face of adversity, and they prevailed. Now I hope they will carry this fight further by entreating Gov. McDonnell to complete the process and sign the bill into law.” [link]
Here's to ya, man, for fighting the good fight.